When Chopin, in the mid-1830s, titled “ballade” his opus 23, he thereby established the ballad for piano as a new musical genre, regularly repeated after him, for example by Brahms, Liszt and Grieg. The idea of setting a fictional dramatic and mystical event to music particularly interested Schumann the Romantic. He expressed himself enthusiastically about the work: “I have a new ballad by Chopin. It seems to me to be his brilliant work (and not trivially brilliant). ” Our separate edition is taken from the recently revised edition of "Ballades" (HN 862). Detailed information on the genesis and evaluation of the sources can be downloaded free of charge.