Brahms' Hungarian Dances are among his most popular works to date, although, as he expressly stated on the title page of the first edition, he did not compose them, but only "arranged for four-handed strong piano ”. By this he meant to say that he had taken hold of existing Hungarian melodies, had united them into a larger ensemble and had edited them, initially in the form of an arrangement for piano with four hands. . Indeed, the four-handed was once a very popular practice. The first two notebooks with dances 1 to 10 were published in 1869, followed in 1880 by two other notebooks with dances 11 to 21.