Polonaise appeared in scholarly music at the end of the 16th century as a stylized dance. Chopin began to devote himself to this genre almost from childhood, thus also paying homage to his native country. Indeed, his oldest printed work is a Polish (KK IIa no 1 in G minor) composed at the age of seven. Similarly the three Polish op. 71 as well as KK IVa no 1 to 3, 5 and 8 published posthumously are works of youth dating from the period when he lived in Warsaw. The seven great Poles op. 26 no 1 and 2, op. 40 no 1 and 2, op. 44 and 53, and in particular La Polonaise-Fantaisie op. 61 of 1845/46, which is also Chopin's last great work for piano, are works of maturity. In their mixture of solemnity and elegance, strength and gentleness, heroic pathos and delicate humor, they are all witnesses to the great art of this composer.